Sunday, November 28, 2010

Educational Theory: Social Learning Theory

The process of education is a process of acquiring knowledge of the sources of knowledge, both oral and written sources, which is done by students as subjects in the acquisition of information and knowledge. So, in education would involve the existence of a learning process. Learning is often defined as the addition, expansion, and deepening of knowledge, values and attitudes and skills. Learning is an enduring ability and not from the growth process. (Gagne, 1985) The learning process also known various learning theories that simplify the process of education can be said to run optimally and effectively where the learning process, students as actors in the acquisition information able to obtain the maximum information from the source of information and knowledge learned. This can be met by applying these learning theories that explain the process of extracting information by the brain. In this case, the technical term stimulus and response. The stimulus is a stimulus received by a person both internally and externally that tend guide it to perform a behavior. Meanwhile, the response is the reaction of a person due to the stimulus directed at her.
Social learning theory is one theory of learning that can support the optimization of the learning process. The theory is a refinement of classical learning theory of behaviorism, in which these theories attempt to explain the interaction between behavior, environment and human personality (internal factors). Not the same as learning theory behaviorism which only tend to refer to the student's behavior as a response from the stimulus provided by the teacher, so that learning theory is very difficult to apply in real life. There can be no one person is constantly present at all times to give gifts to the visibility of the desired behavior in order to ensure the increasing frequency of emergence of these behaviors.
The theory of learning which are often used in the levels of education still applied-learning theory is still a classic Behavioristic, where students do the learning process after obtaining the stimulus in the form of instructions from his teacher. In this case, the discussion of the teacher is still too limited the scope of knowledge of students, so few opportunities for creative students to apply what they learn. Thus, students are still too fixated on the theories presented by the teacher.
In order for the scope of students' knowledge is not too limited, it is necessary to the interaction between behavior, environment and internal factors that affect their personal perceptions, as described in social learning theory.